Immigration to the United States of America has been an ongoing process since colonizing America. The changing pattern of immigration has varied throughout the last century. These changes were brought on by new Immigration laws, political, economical, and demographic pressures. The most profound changes In Immigration patterns occurred after the Immigration Law Reform In 1965 resulting In Immigration from countries that did not send Immigrants before, and a dramatic Increase of immigrants from previous sending countries.
For example Europe, which accounted or two-thirds of legal immigrants in the sass, added only 15 percent in the sass. Modern immigrants groups after 1965 came from Vietnam, the Philippines, South East Asia, Latin America and the latest major influx from Africa. The increase in Asian immigration has been the most dramatic. While the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 had ended immigration from China, immigration from Japan and the Philippines to Hawaii and the continental united States continued to the early 1 sass.
Japanese Immigration had been restricted by the Gentleman’s Agreement of 1907, and the immigration Acts of 1924 ended all Aslant Immigration by establishing a fixed quota In the proportion of the national population In 1880. Before the Immigration and Naturalization Act Amendments of 1965, the Asians made up only 6 percent of immigrants. After 1965 the Asians took advantage of the immigration law. According to statistics from the united States Immigration Services, the percentage of Asian immigrants increased to 45 percent by 1980 and the U. S. Census of the year 2000 shows that Asians make up 4. % of the total U. S. Population (about 12 million people). Many of the Asian immigrants came to escape political pressure and to achieve a better economical status. Thousands of Asians started family-owned retail and manufacturing business in the U. S. , sending money home to support their family and many enter this country to seek higher education. Unlike the Asians, the Africans have a totally different history of Immigration. Africans were forced Immigrants who were brought against their will to North America and enslaved by the colonists.
In 1 863 The Emancipation Proclamation abolished slavery ND permitted African-American men to join the union Army. The constant growth of the African population resulted mostly out of natural increase of the population until in the sass, when refugees from Africa started immigrating. According to the Census results of 2000, 56 percent of all African foreign born arrived in the United States between 1990 and 2000. While 26 percent entered between 1980 and 1989, and 18 percent before 1980.
Not all Africans immigrating are refugees, many seek a education and take their skills back to their country of origin, and many come to the united states for a better economical live and send money home to support their family. Another major Immigrant group comes from Latin America. Latin Americans come from all over the continent. In 1960, they made up 9 percent of the foreign born estimate of the U. S. Census Bureau from the year 2000 shows that there are 31 million Latino living in the United States of America. In earlier immigration periods, the sending countries where not as numerous.
Poverty and the lack of transportation prevented many immigrants to leave their country. When the United States started circuiting workers for ammunition factories, immigration increased rapidity. More recent immigrants come from a multitude of different regions. Innovations in communication and transportation make it easier for immigrants to leave their country. Looking for a better life and upward mobility, immigration continues and as of today, Latin Americans make up the largest immigrant group in the United States. The United States has been, and still is the Land of Opportunity for many immigrants.